“That which we that terrifies them is the fact on the lingering migration to Chile, the fresh Chipayas will lose a feeling of who they really are, its title and way of living,” told you Gilberto Pauwels, an excellent Belgian anthropologist who is a specialist toward Uru people. “It will be good travesty if it would be to takes place.”
Some Chipaya which go to Chile to get results ultimately go back toward village, progressively more men are putting down stakes around.
Its residents, the new Aymara, won’t allow Chipaya to return for the house it got after named family, as the Aymara got paid large taxes so you can The country of spain having legal rights towards the home, since the Chipaya repaid straight down taxation to live on the water
“I satisfied a beneficial Chipaya having their assets during the Chile, their jeep, their mobile phone and his workers, a lot of exactly who are other Indian groups and you can Chipaya,” Mr. Pauwels said. “This really is an entire improvement in mentality. “
Florencio Mamaniquespi, an effective twenty eight-year-dated career worker, mentioned that he’d grown accustomed to his constant trips across the this new edging to get results however, which he always featured forward to returning domestic, regardless of if he do not state a similar for their relatives.
“Several of my pals you live more here full-time and you can they want to flow their families since it is too difficult supposed backwards and forwards,” Mr. Mamaniquespi told you. “However, We tell them you have to survive so it adversity in order to take care of all of our competition.’ “
Now, it represents a separate existence
The newest Indians shade the problems to the arrival of Spaniards. Anthropologists state the brand new Urus appeared in Bolivia tens of thousands of many years in advance of the latest Christian day and age and you may a long time before this new Aymara Indians, who now make up the majority of Bolivia’s indigenous population.
The original Uru, who have been anglers and you can seekers, stayed with the drifting countries made from reeds towards Ponds Titicaca, Poopo and you can Coipasa, where there clearly was a great amount of animals.
Its dilemmas began if the ponds arrive at dry out since the regarding environment change, around the time of the Language conquest, pressuring brand new Chipaya to dry-land.
“Just like the Urus had been life to the liquid, the world changed dramatically around her or him,” Mr. Pauwels told you. “They’d zero liberties on the house anymore which explains why he is so poor now.”
The newest Chipaya, exactly who just after ruled this new higher plain, was in fact obligated to accept in the 13,one hundred thousand legs on the beaches from Lake Coipasa, today a sodium river. Certain Chipaya converted to the brand new Aymara people to locate particular residential property.
Mr. Pauwels mentioned that a great census out-of 1580 revealed that there are more forty,100 Uru in your community, in contrast to from the 3,one hundred thousand today, out-of whom the fresh Chipayas account for 2,100.
Several Uru however survive the new floating isles into the River Titicaca, the world’s large inland river on a dozen,five-hundred base more than sea level, along Bolivia’s edging that have Peru. Even so they recognize that they manage which lifetime in order to interest people.
Today, this new Chipaya nevertheless accept that the house are taken from their https://kissbrides.com/portuguese-women/braga/ store by Aymara, and they have petitioned government entities to have it right back.
Into Bolivian Authorities, the new Chipaya quandary comes at the same time when the country’s cuatro.seven million Indians, whom be the cause of over seventy percent of the inhabitants, are typical demanding greater rights and you will admiration, once centuries away from neglect.
Chairman Gonzalo Sanchez de- Lozada’s administration has undertaken a course so you can let, increasing Regulators using from the country side and you may, among almost every other procedures, delivering degree inside Indian languages.
However the Government is difficult pushed to discover the currency and you may information it can sample resettle step 3,000 Chipaya, and cannot manage to upset the new hundreds of thousands of Aymara Indians of the annexing elements of its belongings on the Chipaya.